types of intensive farming

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This helps them build up extra meat and fat, thus increasing higher yield of meat and meat products. Pasture cropping involves planting grain crops directly into grassland without first applying herbicides. Mixed: Crops and animals. Animal rights and animal welfare activists have charged that intensive animal rearing is cruel to animals. These operations were subjected to regulation. This article elaborates all the important differences between intensive and extensive farming.Intensive farming is an agricultural method of increasing the crop yield by heavy use of chemicals such as fertilizers, pesticides, etc. Intensive farming is suitable as it produces organic food and yield in large quantities as compared to extensive farming. Intensive subsistence agriculture is widespread in many less developed countries where over 80% of their rural population is engaged in this type of farming. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Industrial agricultural practices are one of the main drivers of global warming, accounting for 14–28% of net Greenhouse-gas emissions. Some of these act by interfering with the growth of the weed and are often based on plant hormones. [36], In 17 states in the U.S., isolated cases of groundwater contamination were linked to CAFOs. Intensive: High inputs of labour or capital ususally small. Intensive farming involves production of high yield crops in a small area with use of lot of fertilizers and pesticides. Animals are grown in small spaces and breeders indulge in unsafe breeding practices, and many more. "Factory farms – the only answer to our growing appetite? This is a contrast to traditional agriculture, which does not get as much output per area. Extensive Farming 2. Most of the closed-circulation tanks are equipped with water purification systems. This is done by removing dried up trees, burning tree trunks, tree branches, and other weeds. Subsistence: Grown just for the farmer and his family. The only advantage for intensive farming is that the cost of green vegetables as well as milk and meat products reduces considerably, helping people who cannot afford costly food products. There are many advantages and disadvantages of intensive farming. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Macrosocial Accounting Project, Dept. In agriculture, systematic weed management is usually required, often performed by machines such as cultivators or liquid herbicide sprayers. However, we shall not concentrate on the pros and cons in thus BusinessZeal article, but the intensive farming types. They are not allowed to carry on with their natural behavior like foraging or exploratory nature. Thus, profit margin increases for the farmer. Most commercial agriculture is intensive in one or more ways. With the availability of molecular genetics in Arabidopsis and rice the mutant genes responsible (reduced height (rht), gibberellin insensitive (gai1) and slender rice (slr1)) have been cloned and identified as cellular signalling components of gibberellic acid, a phytohormone involved in regulating stem growth via its effect on cell division. Agroforestry combines agriculture and orchard/forestry technologies to create more integrated, diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land-use systems. Even though the modern intensive farming types help increase the production of crops and animals, they lead to considerable effects on the natural environment. Pasture intensification is the improvement of pasture soils and grasses to increase the food production potential of livestock systems. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The essence of such farms is the concentration of livestock in a given space. It gives an environment favourable to the strain of rice being grown, and is hostile to many species of weeds. [21][22][23], Another technique to optimize yield while maintaining the carbon balance is the use of integrated crop-livestock (ICL) and crop-livestock-forestry (ICLF) systems, which combine several ecosystems into one optimized agricultural framework. NPK fertilizers stimulated the first concerns about industrial agriculture, due to concerns that they came with side effects such as soil compaction, soil erosion, and declines in overall soil fertility, along with health concerns about toxic chemicals entering the food supply. "[59], Industrial agriculture uses huge amounts of water, energy,[60] and industrial chemicals, increasing pollution in the arable land, usable water, and atmosphere. Greenhouse agriculture. It provides higher productivity Intensive subsistence farming is practiced in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Orissa. What are the two types of intensive subsistence agriculture? [17][21] ICLF systems yield beef cattle productivity up to ten times that of degraded pastures, additional crop production from maize, sorghum, and soybean harvests, and greatly reduced greenhouse gas balances due to forest carbon sequestration. Intensive aquaculture takes place on land using tanks, ponds, or other controlled systems, or in the ocean, using cages.[48]. 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They require large water quantities for irrigation, much of it from flooding. 1. The pasture is intensively grazed both before and after grain production. Biointensive farming/agriculture is a type of sustainable organic farming systems which involves working with elements such as soil, air, water, and sun to achieve maximum yield, biodiversity and soil fertility. 23.3.5 Energy demands of intensive farming. With industrialization, modern intensive farming techniques have been introduced.

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